Good links

There is a ton of information available on the web about bokashi. Some of it good, some of it excellent, and of course the usual jungle of me-too posts.

Here’s a few of the more helpful places to start looking. Have a look on the Bokashiworld Facebook too, I regularly post links there to some of the great things that are happening in the bokashi and EM world, and other news on the environmental front that ties in with what we’re doing.

The primary source of information on EM and bokashi is, of course, EMRO Japan. Lot’s of good application stories there, and a huge database of scientific research. It’s also the best place to check for EM suppliers around the world, there’s one in every country.

EMRO Japan


Scientific reports and literature
There is a wealth of scientific reports and case studies behind bokashi and EM. Here’s a few links that can help you get started:

  • A summary by Gideon Towett (2016) presented on The Permaculture Institute’s website on the subject of  “What are Effective Microorganisms?”  Read it here>>
  • A scientific article on why one of the photosynthesis bacteria in EM, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, is so flexible and makes such a difference in the soil. The article is published in the leading scientific journal Nature Biotechnology. Read it here in PDF form.
  • A scientific study from Madrid, Spain, on soil improvement and mineralisation using EM. The conclusion was that the biological activity in the soil is intensified due to the EM with a faster conversion of fresh organic material to humus as a result. Read it here in PDF form .
  • Research from China on wheat production, a positive result for EM after 11 year’s research.  “This study indicated that application of EM significantly increased the efficiency of organic nutrient sources.”  Click here>>
  • Research from Feed Innovation Services in the Netherlands from 2013 shows that large-scale bokashi composting has a significantly lower impact on the environment than traditional composting.   Click here >>
  • Higa’s book from 1994 on EM: Beneficial and Effective Microorganisms. A valuable read. Download it here>>
  • Dan Woodward writes about “Effective Microorganisms as Regenerative Systems in Earth Healing”. A highly informative article with a long list of sources.  Click here>>